The chief financial officer of Pauley, Inc has requested an evaluation of a proposed acquisition of a new machine at a purchase price of $60.000 and with installation costs of $10,000. A $3,000 increase in working capital will be required. The machine will have a useful life of four years. after which it can be sold for $10,000. The estimated annual incremental operating revenues and cash operating expenses are $150,000 and $100,000, respectively, for each of the four years. Pauley's effective income tax rate is 40%, and the cost of capital is 12%. Pauley uses straight-line depreciation for both financial reporting and income tax purposes. Pauley's estimated after-tax cash flow in the fourth year, at which time the equipment will be sold, will be?
The estimated incremental after-tax operating cash flows for each year of a capital project consist of two components: the after-tax cash inflows from operations and the depreciation tax shield arising from the purchase of new equipment. The first of these for Pauley can be calculated as follows:
Pauley's total after-tax operating cash inflow for each year of the project's life is thus $36,000 ($30,000 + $6,000). Ii the final year of the project, two additional cash flows must be taken into account, the after-tax proceeds from the disposal of the equipment purchased for the project, and the recovery of working capital devoted to the project. These two additional cash flows can be calculated as follows:
Pauley's total after-tax cash inflow for the final year of the project's life is thus $49,000
($36,000 + $13,000).