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Exin Privacy and Data Protection Foundation Exam

Exam Name: Privacy and Data Protection Foundation
Exam Code: Privacy and Data Protection Foundation
Related Certification(s): Exin Privacy & Data Protection Foundation Certification
Certification Provider: Exin
Number of Privacy and Data Protection Foundation practice questions in our database: 149 (updated: May. 07, 2024)
Expected Privacy and Data Protection Foundation Exam Topics, as suggested by Exin :
  • Topic 1: Right to Object and Automated Individual Decision-Making/ Data Protection history in ?birds view?
  • Topic 2: Purpose Limitation and Purpose Specification/ Definitions and Historical Context
  • Topic 3: Legitimate Grounds and Purpose Limitation/ Right to restriction of processing
  • Topic 4: Material and territorial scope of the GDPR/ Lawfulness, Fairness and Transparency
  • Topic 5: Regulation versus Directive/ Transparent Information, Communication and Modalities
  • Topic 6: Direct, indirect, pseudonymized personal data/ Processing of Personal Data
  • Topic 7: Information to be provided to the data subject in any case/ Legitimate Grounds for Processing
  • Topic 8: Information on and Access to Personal Data/ Information to be provided to the data subject when transferring personal data
  • Topic 9: Right of Access (Inspection) by the Data Subject/ Automated individual decision-making, including profiling
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Free Exin Privacy and Data Protection Foundation Exam Actual Questions

Note: Premium Questions for Privacy and Data Protection Foundation were last updated On May. 07, 2024 (see below)

Question #1

What is the purpose of a data protection audit by the supervisory authority?

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Correct Answer: A

To advise the controller on the mitigation of privacy risks to protect the controller from liability claims for non-compliance. Incorrect. The supervisory authority has the task to monitor compliance and to advise on enhancements, but its purpose is not to protect the controller.

To fulfill the obligation in the GDPR to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures for data protection. Incorrect. The audit is not the implementation of the measures, but an assessment of the effectiveness of them.

To monitor and enforce the application of the GDPR by assessing that processing is performed in compliance with the GDPR. Correct. According to the GDPR this is an important task of a supervisory authority. (Literature: A, Chapter 7; GDPR Article 57 (1)(a))


Question #2

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is often known as the ''European privacy law''. What is the relationship between 'privacy' and 'data protection'?

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Correct Answer: D

Data protection and privacy are complementary, but not the same thing.

A very repeated phrase is: ''It is possible to have security without privacy, but it is not possible to have privacy without security''.

Privacy is a right that must be protected, and Data Protection are the measures that will be used to achieve this protection.


Question #3

A natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal dat

a. Which role in data protection is defined here?

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Correct Answer: C

Controller: Correct. The controller determines the purpose and means of the processing. (Literature: A, Chapter 1; GDPR Article 4(7))

Processor: Incorrect. The controller determines the purpose of the processing, the processor works on the controller's instructions.

Supervisory authority: Incorrect. The supervisory authority monitors and enforces compliance with the GDPR requirements.

Third party: Incorrect. A third party has no role in determining the purpose of the processing. Any party that determines the purpose would become a new controller.


Question #4

The GDPR describes the principle of data minimization. How can organizations comply with this principle?

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Correct Answer: C

By applying the concept of least privilege to the personal data collected, stored or otherwise

processed. Incorrect. Data minimization does not address least privilege.

By limiting access rights to staff who need the personal data for the intended processing operations. Incorrect. This describes the concept of limiting authorization for instance to comply with the principle of integrity and confidentiality.

By limiting file sizes, through saving all personal data that is processed in the smallest possible format. Incorrect. Data minimization according to the GDPR is not about storage size, but about minimalizing the use of personal data.

By limiting the personal data to what is adequate, relevant and necessary for the processing purposes.

Correct. This is the essence of the description in the GDPR. (Literature: A, Chapter 2; GDPR Article 5(1)(c))


Question #5

Personal data shall be adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed. Which data processing principle is described here?

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Correct Answer: B

Accuracy. Incorrect. Accuracy is the principle that personal data shall be accurate and kept up to date.

Data minimization. Correct. Data minimization means that personal data shall be adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary. (Literature: A, Chapter 2; GDPR Article 5(1))

Fairness and transparency. Incorrect. Fairness and transparency mean that personal data shall be processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner in relation to the data subject.

Purpose limitation. Incorrect. Purpose limitation means that personal data shall be collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall, in accordance with GDPR Article 89(1), not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes.



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